Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

About the PNAS Member Editor
Name Cane, Mark A.
Location Columbia University
Primary Field Geophysics
 Election Citation
Cane's pioneering studies establish the central importance of tropical ocean -- atmosphere interactions in global climate variability ranging from inter-annual fluctuations between El Niño and La Niña, to cycles induced by precession of the Earth's spin axis. His widely-used, versatile models can predict El Niño and thus bring societal benefits.
 Research Interests
Cane continues to work on El Niño prediction, and on the impact of El Niño and climate generally on human activity, especially agriculture, health, and, most recently, conflict. Current work aims to describe and understand the preferred natural modes of variation internal to the climate system on interannual to decadal timescales and longer. An aspect of this work is to consider the occurrence of decadal regimes from a dynamical systems perspective with attention to their predictability. Other work focuses on the difference in the response to greenhouse gases and to natural variations in solar output and volcanic aerosol. The expression of climate variability in extended droughts is a particular focus because of their impacts on agriculture and conflict. These topics overlap with an interest in paleoclimate problems, from the Pliocene to the last millennium, and the light they shed on future climate change.

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