Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

About the PNAS Member Editor
Name Banks, Martin S.
Location University of California, Berkeley
Primary Field Psychological and Cognitive Sciences
Secondary Field Systems Neuroscience
 Election Citation
Banks has revealed details of human visual development, starting with visual sensitivity in infants and continuing to perception in adults.
 Research Interests
Martin Banks has been interested in basic and applied research on human visual development, visual space perception, multi-sensory integration, depth perception, and the development and evaluation of advanced displays. In development, he examined several aspects of infant vision including contrast sensitivity, visual acuity, visual preferences, and accommodation. In multi-sensory integration, he and his students investigated how sensory systems integrate information across the senses: e.g., from the eye and hand and from the eye and vestibular system. They showed that the integration is essentially statistically optimal, leading to more accurate and precise sensory estimates. In depth perception, he and his students have examined how binocular signals are integrated to produce fine depth discrimination, how binocular signals are combined to form a coherent single image, and how other signals (blur, occlusion, perspective) are combined with binocular signals to form depth percepts. He and his students have also worked with industry to determine specifications required to produce displays that enable high performance while maintaining visual comfort.

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