Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

About the PNAS Member Editor
Name Crimmins, Eileen M.
Location University of Southern California
Primary Field Social and Political Sciences
 Election Citation
Crimmins has forged new alliances between gerontology and demography. She developed the measurement of healthy life expectancy and explicated its trends. With Caleb Finch, she pioneered the study of inflammatory responses to early life infection as a driver of Twentieth-Century late-life mortality and its amelioration.
 Research Interests
Much of Crimmins' has focused on changes both in health and mortality both over time in populations and among individuals. Her earliest work clarified trends in mortality, disability, other indicators of population health, and healthy life expectancy. Crimmins' work has also been important in clarifying how health differentials arise in the population. For instance men have a higher prevalence of heart disease than women which comes from their earlier rates of onset of heart disease; however, the length of time spent with heart disease is longer for women. Other work has shown that women's longer life with cognitive impairment comes largely from their longer life rather than from more cognitive loss at a given age. Work on race and education differences in life expectancy has shown the earlier aging of the disadvantaged through the earlier onset of health conditions among persons of lower SES leading to shorter lives, fewer healthy years, and more years of life lost or never lived. Crimmins more recent work has expanded traditional demographic approaches by integrating indicators of physiological states into analysis to determine how social and economic circumstances "get under the skin."

 
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