Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

About the PNAS Member Editor
Name Castilla, Juan Carlos
Location Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Primary Field Environmental Sciences and Ecology
Secondary Field Evolutionary Biology
 Election Citation
From Chile, Castilla has pioneered studies of the ecological consequences of the exclusion of humans from Chilean rocky shores, aiming to provide a strong scientific basis for coastal management and conservation actions in his nation. His work also focuses on the sustainability of fisheries and marine protected areas globally, and he continues to inspire both national and international efforts in marine conservation.
 Research Interests
My main lines of research center around rocky intertidal community structure and dynamics, the ecological role played by key-stone species (i.e. the gatropod muricid Concholepas concholepas) and humans (resource users), coastal conservation and the management of benthic resources. In the past 25 years I contributed to the establishment and development of the Marine Coastal Station, Pontificia Universidad Cat?lica de Chile, at Las Cruces, and its unique Preserve. Also have participated in the creation of Marine Preserve Areas (MPAs) along the country and I am working in a plan for the establishment of a network of marine preserves. Based on the solid scientific knowledge derived form the manipulative experiences in Las Cruces Coastal Station I pioneered the idea for the legal establishment in Chile of Management and Exploitation Areas (MEAs), via the implementation of co-management schemes, including the allocation of exclusive fishery rights for small artisanal fisher communities. More recently, I have focused my research efforts on the understanding of linkages between oceanography and nearshore benthic communities, aiming to set strong scientific basis behind coastal management and conservation actions in Chile, that in the future may be extrapolated to other countries.

 
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